Prof. Jorge Céspedes-Curé was born in Valparaiso, Chile, on February 6, 1931. At the age of 44 he became Venezuelan. At the age of 63 he became a citizen of the United States of America. Presently, he resides with his wife Shirley in Delray Beach, Florida, USA.

Prof. Curé attended Catholic University in Valparaiso, Chile, which was operated by the Jesuits. He graduated in Philosophy and Education with the double title of Licentiate in Philosophy and Professor of Mathematics and Physics with Summa Cum Laude. Later, he obtained his Masterís degree in Science from the University of Oklahoma. He taught physics, math and philosophy of science in twelve different universities in Chile, Venezuela and The United States of America.

At the age of twelve he had the good-fortune to be a disciple of Prof. Heinrich Hauser, a retired German professor, who taught him Geometry, Algebra, Chemistry and Physics. His future scientific career began at the age of fifteen after he read The Life and Work of Mme. Curie and The ABC of Relativity. At an early age, Prof. Curé realized that mathematicians had invaded the temple of physics, leaving the science of Galileo without philosophical roots. This vision forced him to save all his writings over a period of 25 years, to finally write a book for the new generation of the 21st century, and beyond. Prof. Curé is a true Natural Philosopher who has produced in his book, Einstein on Trial, an extraordinary fusion of physics, philosophy and theology.

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Subject: Farewell
Date: Mon, 30 Dec 2002 16:10:06 EST

Dear Family and Friends,

I'm sending the sad news of Jorge's departure from this world. He
wanted to say farewell, and ask that I contact each one of you after his
passing. He was so happy that he was able to finish his book, which truly
was his main goal in life these past few years. He often said that when
the book was finished, he was ready for his next adventure into the next
dimension. I know, in his own way, he had love for for each and every one of
you. Thank you for all your kind thoughts and deeds for him through the

Very Sincerely yours

Shirley Ramsey-Curé

951 Spanish Circle--Apt 442F
Delray Beach. FL 33483

Subject: Re: Farewell
Date: Tue, 31 Dec 2002 13:48:30 +0000
From: "consultor XXI" <>

Dear Shirley:

Thanks for your email.

For one side it is a sad news. For other hand, Jorge was prepared for this
moment. We are souls inside bodies learning for a while on the Earth. Jorge
knew it. A mystery for us but not for Jorge today. ...

With kind regards from Chile

Bruno Nicolini

His last letter to Episteme:

Date: Fri, 15 Nov 2002 00:59:28 EST

Dear Dr. Bartocci:

I visited your website <> titled ALTERNATIVE PHYSICS ON LINE (APL). To my surprise I found in the list of APL, the reference to my website of Einstein on Trial. You do not waste time in spreading the word of any alternative physics. Congratulation first for the incredible website you created and maintain updated. Secondly, thank you very much for letting my book to be known by all the readers of APL.

Then, I visited your other website <>, which is the home page of Prof. Umberto Bartocci, full of other online references. Your INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY you call it EPISTEME, is a fantastic Journal to learn about the Philosophical and Historical Foundations of Science in general, and Physics in particular. If you had been born a century ahead of your time, we never would have seen the sad spectacle offered by the majority of pseudo-physicsist of 20th century.

This time you deserve a Gargantuan CONGRATULATION, on behalf of the future, and more intelligent, generations.

Please accept my great admiration for your magnificent work you are doing for these confused terrestrial.

Sincerely yours,

Prof. Jorge C. Curé

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Einstein on Trial
or Methaphysical Principles of Natural Philosophy


                                            To Shirley Ramsey and to the future generations.





Chapter 1 - Ontological Principles.
1.1 Why Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy?
1.2 Natural Philosophy.
1.3 About Theoretical Knowledge.
1.4 Ontological Principles.
1.5 Application of Ontological Principles.
1.6 Rules of Reasoning in Philosophy.
1.7 Logical Principles.
1.8 Why Should Scientists Study Philosophy?

Chapter 2 - Newtonian Quantum Mechanics.
2.1 What is the Quantum Potential?
2.2 Mathematical Origin of the Quantum Potential.
2.3 Some Perplexing Comments about Quantum Mechanics.
2.4 Ontological Principles and some Mathematical Theorems.
2.5 Ontological Origin of the Quantum Potential.
2.6 The Missing Link in Classical Mechanics: Classical Wave Mechanics.
2.7 Schrödinger's Equation is a Particular Case of Hamilton-Jacobi-Bohm's Equation.
2.8 The Need for a New Electrodynamics in Nuclear Physics.
2.9 Some Other Causal Explanations in Quantum Mechanics.

Chapter 3 - Compendium of Electrokinetics and Electrodynamics.
3.1 A Brief disquisition on the concept of "Field".
3.2 The English Electromagnetics versus the German Electrodynamics.
3.3 Compendium of Electrokinetics and Electrodynamics.
3.4 Parametrized Newtonian Relativistic Electrodynamics.
3.5 Gravitodynamics and Geometrodynamics.
3.6 Probable Experimental Evidence of Forces Proportional to v'2/c2.

Chapter 4 - Newtonian Relativistic Electrodynamics.
4.1 Newton's Dynamical Methodology.
4.2 Extension of Newton's Axioms.
4.3 Comments on the Axioms.
4.4 Logical Deduction of a Parametrized Newtonian Relativistic E1ectrodynamics.
4.5 Action of a Permanent Magnet on Static Charges.
4.6 On the Paternity of Lorentz's Force.
4.7 Hybrid Electrodyinamics. (HED)
4.8 Deduction of Hertz's "Hypothesis".
4.9 Eddington's Model of the Neutron.
4.10 The Convective Operator.
4.11 Some Notes on Unipolar Induction.

Chapter 5 - On the Identity of the Cosmic Ether.
5.1. Einstein's Resuscitated Ether.
5.2. Einstein's Ether is a Metaphysical Entity.
5.3. A Classical Identification of Einstein's Ether.
5.4. On Michelson-Morley's Experiment.
5.5. Derivation of the Eikonal Equation.
5.6. Experimental Proposals.

Chapter 6 - Newtonian Relativistic Gravitodynamics.
6.1 Newton's Explanation of the Anomalous Motion of Planet Mercury.
6.2 Angular Momentum of the Sun.
6.3 Inertial mass, gravitational mass and the equivalence principle.
6.4 Mach's Definition of Mass and Operational Definition of Inertial Reference System.
6.5 Mach's principle according to Einstein and others.
6.6 Newtonian relativistic gravitodynamics and the Cosmic Collective Potential Energy.
6.7 Starlight deflection by the solar energy field.
6.8 Cosmological red shift and big bang theory.
6.9 Is gravitation an electrodynamic phenomenon?
6.10 Einstein-Hamilton-Jacobi's equation and Bohm-Hamilton-Jacobi's equation.
6.11 Nonlinear electrodynamic Field Theory as a Relativistic Time Bomb.

Chapter 7 - Einstein's Theological Beliefs and Scientific Theology.
I-1 Science and religion have a common foundation.
I-2 Theoretical scientific knowledge is relative.
I-3 Elements of Theory of Knowledge.
I-4 Theology by revelation and theology by reason.
7.1 Comments on Einstein's essay "Religion and Science" (1930).
7.2 Comments on Einstein's essay "The Religious Spirit of Science" (1934).
7.3 Comments on Einstein's essay "Science and Religion" (1939).
7.4 Comments on Einstein's essay "Religion and Science, Irreconciliable?" (1948).
7.5 Einstein's Theological Beliefs.
7.6 Science, including Logic, are not completely rational.
7.7 Foundations of Scientific Theology or Cosmotheism.
7.8 Does God Exist in Reality?
7.9 Is God Universal Consciousness?
7.10 Advanced Religion.



Alphabetical index

Index of Tables

Table 4-I. Drift of a charged latex drop in the presence of a permanent magnet.
Table 6-I. Astronomical excess perihelic rotations of the planets and Leverrier's constant L.
Table 6-II. Newtonian, astronomical and Einsteinian excess perihelic rotations of different planets.
Table 6-III. Excess perihelic rotation of some planets.
Table 6-IV. Astronomical data of Galilean Satellites of Jupiter.
Table 6-V. Comparison of Einstein's prediction of starlight deflection with Merat's astronomical corrections.
Table 6-VI. Comparison of Einstein's prediction of d * with Merat's law: d ± D d .
Table 6-VII. Comparison of this author's predictions of d * with Merat's law: d ± D d .

Index of Figures

Figure 4.1 Millikan Apparatus with Magnet.
Figure 7.1 Reclassification of Philosophy.
Figure 7.2 Interaction of material entities 1 and 2 with the rest of the system.

* * * * *



I had at least five reasons to write this book. The first was to defend Newton's classical mechanics from false accusations raised by Einstein. The second reason was to deliver Natural Philosophy (physics), from the mathematical bondage of which it was submitted during the 20th century. The third reason was to liberate the minds of scientists in general, and physicists, in particular, from the corrupted 20th century slogan "publish or perish." The fourth reason was to help induce an implosive neo-renaissance by bringing all sciences back to the womb of mother philosophy. The fifth and last reason to write the book, Einstein on Trial, was to synthesize or fuse science, philosophy and theology of the 21st century in one solid epistemological doctrine or school of thought.

First Reason.- The first reason shows the following false accusations of Einstein against Newton's Principia, or classical mechanics:

1. Classical mechanics is powerless to explain the anomalous motion of planet Mercury.

2. Classical mechanics is incapable of explaining the equality between inertial mass and gravitational mass.

3. Classical mechanics is incompetent to deduce formally (logically) the mathematical structure of forces.

4. Absolute space of classical mechanics does not exist.

5. Absolute time of classical mechanics does not exist.

6. The cosmic ether (Sensorium Dei of Newton) does not exist.

7. In classical mechanics absolute rotation does not exist.

With the help of forerunners, I was able to disprove all the previous false accusations against Newton's classical mechanics.

Second Reason.- The second reason shows an invasion into the temple of Natural Philosophy by a herd of modern barbarians who were expelled from the temple of Mathematics. These 20th century "attilas," riding horses with symbolic hooves, annihilated the growth of all ontological grass in the meadows of Natural Philosophy.

Obviously, after Einstein created his GRT, he wrote, "Our experience hitherto justifies us believing that nature is the realization of the simplest conceivable mathematical ideas." At least Einstein is only proposing to believe in his statement, like any dogma of faith has to be believed. Mathematics, the queen of the formal sciences, should be treated as an almost sacred dictionary in the hands of natural philosophers, because it allows us to translate our philosophical speculations about nature into a precise language. For this reason, Mathematics is a wonderful medicine to cure mental verbiage.

Third Reason.- Many years ago, when I was teaching physics to engineering students, I gathered many definitions of the concept "engineering." I put aside one of the definitions, and I determined the "average" definition of the rest. The result was this: Engineering is the application of science for the benefit of human kind. What about the definition I left aside? In my opinion it is very accurate: Engineering is the art of making two dollars with one dollar. In the last century, we introduced the word technology to replace the word engineering. Thus, technology is still the art of making a profit. By the way, "art" in Greek is "techné." After the second world war, technology corrupted the minds of the lovers of wisdom. The slogan "publish or perish" was a translation of the previous slogan "don't think, do it." Today, at the entrance of the new millennium, we are buried under a mountain of irrelevant papers, though everyone calls them scientific papers. We still do not know that diseases are caused by electrodynamic imbalances at a cellular level. Today, we have to wait minutes to activate terrestrial rovers on planet Mars, and hours to activate instruments on Pioneer 10. Today, we are exnpirically discovering that "light can travel faster than light." You do not need to be an expert in the ontological and the logical principles of non-contradiction to conclude that the previous proposition about light is an extremely idiotic statement. Confucius said that knowledge is good, but better is its application. If Confucius referred to factual knowledge, then we better listen to the German poet Goethe saying - If Nature does not want to reveal her secrets to your spirit, you will never unveil them with hammers and wedges. - In the present (August, 2000), physicists do not know there are longitudinal electric waves, which travel millions of times faster than the speed of light. However, they are discovering electric signals which they believe are transversal waves. Theoreticians from Cambridge University, in 1837, knew about the probable existence of these new longitudinal signals, which should be the minimum requirement to participate in truly intelligent cosmic dialogues. We must teach the young professors to write, at the end of their careers, treatises on their subjects, and not a farrago of technological papers, which stagnate true theoretical science. The list of unfulfilled applications of science is interminable. We are still using Chinese technology, which is more than three thousands years old, to travel into space, making electromagnetic smoke signals between mothier earth and space-capsules (I do not consider them spacecrafts.) After seven thousand years of recorded history, we should propose a toast to our magnificent engineers for having accomplished such extraordinaiy technological feats with the primitive physics still used on this planet.

Fourth Reason.- The first renaissance in science was explosive. Every natural science broke loose from the womb of mother philosophy. When Experimental Philosophy was born, from the mind of Galileo, it was almost immediately expelled from the Mediterranean shores. Galileo on Trial, in 1633, by the fanatic Inquisition of those days, was a signal for the young experimental philosophy to emigrate from the temperate waters of the Mediterranean Sea to the cold climate of northern Europe. Nordics, if they are idle in the summer, are not prepared for the cold winter months ahead and often die. For this reason they adopted the experimental aspect of experimental philosophy. Thus, experimental knowledge (scientia) was developed by the Nordics to survive the implacable winters. Philosophy remained exclusively in the Mediterranean hands of the powerfui theologians. Galileo was forced to retract the heliocentric system as a philosophical truth. However, Galileo was permitted to maintain the heliocentric concept as a mathematical hypothesis. Hence, to avoid torture and even the penalty of death, experimental or natural philosophy suffered a massive explosive Inquisitorial epistemological "big bang" during the first renaissance.

In the 20th century, the new scientific priests have recreated a more subtle or Scientific Inquisition. This modern Inquisition burns the new Giordano Brunos in the flames of silence. The works of these modern rebels are seldom, if ever, published in the journals of the new Scientific Inquisition. Bewildering as it may seem, the most democratic country in the world, where we have a first amendment of freedom of speech, there is no freedom to publish new concepts or theories, which questions the sacred scientiflc scripts of the so-called prophets of the 20th century. But the days of these new inquisitors are counted because of the global electronìc consciousness of our new century. It must be noted that no man or institution has the right to silence the thoughts of any single person. The new implosive renaissance is already on its way. All sciences are beginning to return to mother philosophy in order to master the philosophical scaffolding of the new advanced scientific theories.

Fifth Reason.- There is nothing worse than all arrogant-ignorant university professor. Ortega-y-Gasset refers to them as ignorant sages. These new scientific barbarians are experts with crumbs of knowledge, but as any expert, they ken (are acquainted with) their restricted gnoseological fields, but truly understand almost nothing. The essence of this last statement came from Einstein when he referred to one physicist, in particular. After this new implosive renaissance, which will be well developed in the next few decades, the next generation will fuse, condense and synthesize the fundamental knowledge of the formal disciplines, with the philosophical, theological and scientific intellectual disciplines. They will fuse this knowledge into one epistemological quantum. As the author of Einstein on Trial, I have been honored to develop Einstein's vision of a theology not based on a fearful God, but a theology based on Un Amor Intellectual por Dios.

I will let the readers decide for themselves if I was able to reduce all physics to one dynamical principle, to Newton's second principle of motion. It is my impression that my efforts in writing this book were focused on proving that everyone was wrong, because everyone was only partially right. My last thoughts are for those two great men, Newton and Einstein, who were lifted up to the shoulders of giants so that they might look beyond where no man has ever looked before.

Jorge Céspedes-Curé
Maggie Valley, North Carolina, U.S.A.
August 15, 2000